विषय विशेषज्ञ के साथ कार्यशाला और मीडिया
As publishes by Dainik Jagran on Feb. 8, 2012
River Basin Planning for Ganga: Lessons from the Murray-Darling Basin Authority (MDBA)Australia
Lead speaker: Dr. Don Blackmore, former Chief Executive, Murray-Darling Basin Commission
With a Doctorate in Engineering from La Trobe University, Dr Don Blackmore has over 40 years' experience in water and natural resources management. He was Chief Executive, Murray-Darling Basin Commission for 15 years, until 2004. More recently he has worked on the Nile, Indus, Mekong and Ganges Rivers. He was a Commissioner on the World Commission on Dams, and is currently Chair of the Advisory Council for the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO-Australia) programme, Water for a Healthy Country. Dr Blackmore works as an Advisor on the management of large river basins to the World Bank. He is a Fellow, Australian Academy of Technological Sciences, and a Member, Order of Australia, for service to the environment and the development of sustainable water management practices.
Murray River: A Brief History
1860s Murray River becomes a major means of transport between South Australia, Victoria and New South Wales.
1880s The first diversions of the Murray's water for irrigation lead to conflict with those concerned with using the river for navigation.
1917 River Murray Commission established by governments of South Australia, Victoria and New South Wales (NSW).
1960s Concern about rising salinity leads to the role of the Commission extending to water quality and water management responsibilities.
1985 Concerns about salinity and land degradation leads to further intense negotiations between states and the signing of a substantial amendment to the Murray River Agreement, to which the Commonwealth Government is also signatory.
1990 A new Murray Darling Basin Agreement signed by Victoria, South Australia, NSW and the Commonwealth governments;
subsequently, Queensland and the Australian Capital Territory also sign.
2008 In December, powers and functions of the Murray Darling Basin Commission transferred to the newly formed Murray-Darling Basin
Authority (MDBA) with the principal aim of having the Basin's water resources managed in the national interest. For the first time, a
single agency is responsible for planning integrated management of the water resources of the Murray–Darling Basin.
Main roles and responsibilities of the MDBA
· preparing the Basin Plan for adoption by the Commonwealth Minister/Government
· implementing and enforcing the Basin Plan
· advising the minister on the accreditation of state water resource plans
· developing a water rights information service which facilitates water trading across the Murray–Darling Basin
· measuring and monitoring water resources in the Basin
· gathering information and undertaking research
· educating and engaging the community in the management of the Basin's resources
The MDBA also has several programmes to manage the water resources of the Murray-Darling Basin in conjunction with the Basin states:
· The Native Fish Strategy to restore native fish populations in the Basin to 60 per cent of their estimated pre-European settlement levels within 50 years
· The Living Murray programme to achieve a healthy working River Murray system for the benefit of all Australians
· The Sustainable Rivers Audit to monitor the long-term health of the Basin's rivers
· The River Murray Water Quality Monitoring programme to report and assesses water quality, variability and trends, in order to guide management actions along the River Murray and the lower reaches of its tributaries and storages
· The River Murray Operations to direct water releases from storages and control diversions of water from the river for irrigation and agricultural use, and for consumers in urban areas
· The Basin Salinity Management Strategy to minimise the impacts of salinity in the Basin
· The Water Trade Programme to coordinate and refine the rules for trading water interstate