Water and Agri (cultural) Terrorism In India
Part – 1
Dams, Fertilizers, Chemicals destruction of communities by starvation and disease
Shri Kidambi ,Krishna Vayuvegula and Rakesh Mishra for GPPSI and UPI
"There are two ways to conquer and enslave a nation. One is by the sword.. The other is by debt." --John Adams 1826, United States President, Freedom Fighter who fought British for American Indepedence.
"It is impossible to 'earn' interest without creating poverty and debt in first place."
Considering socio-economic aspect of Gangaji and other rivers will be remained underestimated if we do not count the manipulations made by the pre - independence and post independence economic superpowers and their puppets of the Indian mainstream.
From the time of dinosaraus (recently discovered in INDIA in all Alluvial River Deltas and their destruction is attributed volcanic eruptions that created hundreds of river deltas as opposed to ‘interplanetary banging of earth’) till our surrender to British East India Company during 1820-1857 India was the FOOD BOWL of world. The crops were diverse and balanced, enough was produced to feed the then whole population of India, almost everything was organically grown (no fertilizers or pesticides or chemicals or Genetically modified organisms) soil was rich, soil fertility self replenishing, rivers were usual flowing, no dams, no flooding civilian areas, none occupied catchment areas, rains were coming properly, seasonally.
Here we examine how from such a stage of self sufficient, environmentally intelligent, eco-friendly river delta agricultural management of uncivilized barbarians (a term usually used to refer us Indians Africans and Asians, by British including their honorable prime minister Winston Churchill) we progressed steadily in destruction of agriculture and our rivers since the occupation of British, but with great speed when British left (translation: after independence) in to such eco disastrous, environment damaging, river destroying, community wiping agricultural practices in just 60 years. Did we do this to ourselves deliberately consciously or under pressure from world bank agri MNCs ? Or it started with the British themselves as depopulation of any country they occupied was their principle policy to grab resources. In continental USA the British deliberately distributed chicken pox, small pox bacteria laced blankets to the local Indian communities so that everyone was dead and their lands properties wealth could be occupied. In India they cannot do that as we proved tough match to be defeated just like that thanks to thousands or year old Royalty and kingdoms. So after British gained a foot hold in India steadily started to disturb, undermine and destroy the strength of India, its people, their values, their cultural bonds and most important the source of all the above Rivers. This is common anywhere where there are rivers in the world. The process of this understanding of rivers and agriculture and destroying them by British first (and later undermining by our own for political agendas) in any country is termed as Cultural Anthropology or Behavioral (Alluvial) Sociology. Both of these fields of knowledge study how the river flow affects culture and wealth of communities thus sociological relations among various sections of society. By understanding this thoroughly, the river flow can be disturbed which directly effects changes among the social order.
Agri (culture) & Cultural Anthropology & Behavioral (Alluvial) Sociology
The science of understanding flow of Rivers, Societies and Conflicts.
Alluvial Sociology as basis of Ethno Genesis conflicts
The civilization its development reaction response pattern basically depends on the connectivity established with the river banks over which they evolved.
If the River Flow is congenial to the commercial traffic all the way from the beginning of the river to the merging with the sea homogeneous cultures and food habits develop. Nile, US River based Indians, Western and Eastern Indian Civilizations are all examples of the fact.
If the river flow is violent and passes through mountain areas or thick jungles then totally isolated communities develop with little interaction. Tribal societies along Euphrates, Amazon. Brahmaputra etc are examples of this.
It is imperative to understand these differences before conquering the territories-resources and people.
For example British bombed tribal resistance in Somalia or Iraq during 1900-1945, with No nation wide response of larger mobilizations.
First disturb deface and destroy (DDD) rivers and river flows thus wiping of river based ecological systems in villages, forcing unemployment and thus vertical mobility for urbanization. The rise in urban unemployment and unhygienic conditions will become a breeding ground for rise in crime or if properly groomed for revolutions and regime changes. The science of blocking the flow of the rivers- Community destruction, massive fertilizer pesticide consumption, poverty creation, water wars, national state conflicts and food dependency became a norm in liberalized and privatized world.
This became a official hidden doctrinal basis of the redrawing the geography and re colonization of the territories of Asia and Africa and of course India post WW 2 in the form of Liberalization and Privatization.
Stage II - Engineering social shifts.
By blocking [read damming] uninterrupted river flow the homogeneity and continuity of populations can be broken, thus inducing mobility or changing the occupational habits and cultural values including food habits vertically read urbanization. Alluvial flow of the rivers is the one that grinds the minerals soils medicinal curst layers by rain waters that fall on forests and mountain tops and nourishes soil when river flow comes down stream. These fertile lands does not need any other artificial fertilizers. But once they are dammed or course is altered then the fertile sediments will get struck at the base of dams and year by year thus reduce the available flow of water and rich mineralization of and rejuvenation of soil and alters moisture contents in the down stream. The low lands will starve of nourishments and the cynical cycle of artificial Fertilizer utilization increases but will definitely fail crops in the long run as the farmers will loose for the corporate game of ever increasing fertilizer costs and will be forced to abandon and move in to urbanization. This reduces Land cultivated and makes groups and nations depend on MNCs for food production and in the last decade on seeds for cultivation.
Second dangerous process of damming rivers is the disease generation at the dam sites where with stored stagnant water mosquito colonies increase. Also during the entire course of river down stream to dams (which now with dams looks like disconnected ponds or lakes or pools of muddy water) the same phenomenon occurs increasing the mosquito prone diseases in the entire populations along the river. These are like dengue, malaria, swine flu, encephalitis. The land starves with out fertilizers and placer minerals making the farming community depend on artificial fertilizers pesticides controlled by war MNCs graduation in to post war scenario –alternate use of chemicals of war as fertilizers. In Hyderabad alone the mosquito containment costs are close to Rs 100 crores diverting valuable public funds for uncalled for diseases benefitting again medical MNCs.
This loss of soil fertility and reduced water flow happened when Aswan high dam was built. Finally Egypt has created Nile Dredging Corporation to transport the sediment to the low lands as fertilizer and now many third world countries thinking to un dam the rivers like Brazil.
Minionism or Re- constructionism
Minionism or Re-constructionism is a process by which, within an ethnic group, using either sub-ethnicity (in case of India caste and sub cast) religion or language homogeneity (or all of them) to achieve political ends that suits either local national political ends or International players resource strategies. This is more applicable in post world war scenario where the colonies became independent and want to pursue their own economic political goals.
If Language is used as basis of minionism it is Linguistic Re- constructionism –
2 Languages 2 Religions ONE country LTTE Sinhala rift here religion is used as catalyst
1 Language ONE country Different religions- Iraq- Shia Sunni Kurd all speak Arabic but religion is used as catalyst
East Timor, Indonesia-Same language Christian Muslim rift was used as catalyst.
1 Language One Country One Religion-Korea North and South Divide here economic ideology was used as catalyst
One Language One State Same religious economic ethnicity composition
UP split in to Uttaranchal Linguist accent is used as catalyst
AP agitations for separate state Linguist accent is used as catalyst
MH Vidharbha Linguist accent is used as catalyst
If Religion is used as basis of minionism then it is called Religious Re- constructionism
Shia Sunny fights in Iraq (Islamic Re- constructionism)
If ethnicity is used as basis it is Ethno Linguist Re-constructionism
Somali Sudan Ehiopia Tribal Fights Ethno Religious-Linguistic Re- constructionism
If Economic Ideology is used as basis of minionism it is called ideological Re – Constructionism.
Bolshivik, Communist, Soviet, Mao Thought, Naxalism, Marxism, Leninism.
The weakest in all the above major re-constructionisms is the process based on Economic Ideology.
The post-independence basis of the various re-constructionisms in India might have stemmed from either genuine or assumed concerns. But the wrong labeling or wrong handling them lead to a greater danger of Disintegration and political instability.
BJP RSS Jansangh - Hindu Re-constructionism projected as Right wing Fundamentalist
Congress - Muslim/Christian Re-constructionism projected as Secular Politics
NE Tribal insurgencies Christian Re-constructionism projected as Separatist Freedom FightsMaoism Naxalism and other related insurgencies Projected as Law & Order Problems
RIVERS including GANGAJI: the SOURCE OF WEALTH
Interestingly people are what they eat daily ? What they eat daily is the realm of agriculture. The extent of the agriculture depends on the un obstructed river flows and that is why all civilizations developed along with flow of the rivers. Rivers are used for three purposes water (drinking and agrarian) transportation (upstream to down stream travel) river eco-system commerce and of lately for electricity generation. Commerce is two types what is produced in the river (fish, shrimp algae etc) what is brought by the river (rare earth metals, gold, diamonds, sedimentation containing trace or placer deposits of every known mineral useful as natural fertilizer for crops. These above three are the common bonds for all those living along the river side from the beginning of the rivers to the delta where they merge with the sea.
Only those rivers bring diamonds or gold which are formed on the sedimentation of volcanic eruptions lava flows. The soil they haul is called alluvial soil. Rivers in North South America Africa and India are capable of such things. Europeans first observed this rivers as carriers of rare metals and diamonds after their contact with Africa. This was the beginning of the Great Gold Rush (read as Gold Loot) that resulted in the destruction of Africa. The same Rush was exhibited in Americas, Spanish Gold Rush to south America, California Gold Rush, Texas Gold Rush, Great Canadian Gold rush all resulted in the large Human Depopulation ecological disasters for Gold and other metals that rivers bring. Till this point all knew gold is gold and diamonds are diamonds-ornamental significance. So who ever found them were the keepers of them or sellers of them. The rivers were bringing fresh diamonds gold particles along with water and fish and all are happy. In fact the rivers need to flow properly otherwise the gold and diamonds cannot be mined. All this situation changed with the discoveries of uses of Diamonds and Gold. (This part of gold diamonds their applications and the destruction of rivers by damming and destroying delta ecologies is discussed in part two along with Genetically Modified Organisms)
Agri (culture) destruction, War Greed and Bad Science called Agronomy / Agribusiness
VERTICLE 1 –NPK
Around 1860 Justus Von Liebig, German Scientist & Chemist (Father of Chemical Agriculture) accidentally discovered that burnt ashes of plant will nourish plant. And concluded that the composition of burned ashes helped plant nourishment. That chemical composition of ash found by the scientist became known as Nitrogen Phosphorous and Potash or (Potassium Carbonate) or today NPK
In 1875 as he accepted he made a mistake in analysis and recommended to revert back to organic fertilizers that nourish soil completely.
German Businessmen unable to colonize any African or Asian country as they entered late in to colonial conquest rather focused on the above new business of NPK. They found many German rock salts are a variates of the above (Muriates) potash. An industry propped up to ground these salts and throw on crops under the Business Concept of PP - Profit and Patriotism
150 years later still we use the same though the same scientist requested to discard that within 15 years.
VERTICLE 2 – PHOSPHATE AND SUPER PHOSPATE
For 2000 years Egyptians and Romans used powdered bones for growth of PLANTS. In 1861 Sea Based Calcium Phosphate was discovered. It was so believed that it was nothing but bones of Dead Animals and thus bone powder nourishes plants. With adding Sulphuric acid the super phosphate is created.
Bones (Calcium) + Sulphuric Acid = Super Phosphate
With abundance of Sea based Calcium Phosphate, industrial launch of Super Phosphate occurred.
VERTICLE 3 – ALKALIS
Arabs used Sea Bleach called Alkali derived from Salt water Plant ashes and used it in cleaning. Its chemical composition was understood by 1890 and then all alkali compounds were made by British company United Alkali Corporation which became in 1891 Imperial Chemical Industries.
NEXT 10 Years so many GERMAN industries launched making Super Phosphate and Potash and dumping all that on unsuspecting farmers and farm lands as fertilizer.
In 1865 Liebig DECLARED that non longer HUMUS (Organic Manure Earth worms etc) necessary for Agriculture as there was initial spur of crop productivity. “there is not the shadow of proof that either of them exerts any influence on the growth of plants either in the way of nourishment or otherwise”
By 1875 the agricultural productivity started declining and more and more fertilizer was needed. from 1865 to 1875 Von Ludwig studied this phenomenon and in 1875 Von Ludwig Declared that it is the HUMIC ACID THAT AIDS THE PLANTS GROWTH NOT POTASH or SUPEER PHOSPHATE.
“the secret to fertilizing soil precisely lay in this organic excreta of earth based organisms, not the chemicals”
INDUSTRY JUST IGNORED HIM AS THEY HAVE ALREADY INVESTED LOT OF MONEY IN TO POTASH AND SUPER PHOSPHATE MAKING INDUSTRIES SINCE 1855 till 1875.
VERTICLE 4 – BENZENE RING & MILLION CHEMICALS
William Henry Perkins a British Chemist discovered the process of creating Mauve Dye from Benzene. It is first Aniline Dye used in coloring. 1890 Frederick Von Kekule a German Chemist discovered the Benzene Ring and found multiple ways of creating Chemical compounds with much deadlier effects.
VERTICLE 5 – AMMONIA NH4
1905 Fritz Haber first synthesized Ammonia NH 4 in laboratory setting. It is used in explosives. Carl Bosch first created Synthetic Ammonia Plant paved way for explosive industry which became the cause of Germany launching World War 1 in 1914 – 1919 for domination in colonies which were denied to them due to their late entry. Concept : Patriotism and Profit. Ammonium Nitrate explosives killed more than 600 000 during world war 1.
1919 – 1939 This Nitrogen and Ammonia by these companies dumped on the Crops all across Europe and Africa by these companies offering incentives to farmers from war time profits. This weakened the resistance of crops paving the way for ever widening toxic Chemical synthesis thanks to Benzene Ring.
1925 – Post war US and GERMAN CHEMICAL COMPANIES MERGED to form I G FARBEN
VERTICLE 6 – DDT
1939 PAUL MUELLER invented DDT and sold the same to ALLIES. This killed with astonishing speed all BUGS to keep soldiers in the trenches from filthy conditions and infectious diseases during Second world war this DDT is used indiscriminately. As during world war II as all labor of western countries (mostly American) moved to war with the labor shortage the farmers started using Deadly chemicals to keep bugs away as substitute and mechanized the whole farming in USA. The explosives made by these chemicals killed close to 6 000 000 in WW II, 10 Times more than the number killed in WW I
Inter War Years 1919- 1939 and 1945 – 1965
Winners USA has war time profits and losers Germans produced Eminent scientists chemists etc. This led to an economic development model.
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT MODEL
OIL CHEMICALS PESTICIDES EXPLOSIVES GUNS
War Time Profits – Free Money
B A N K S
Chemical Companies Agricultural
Pesticide Companies Mechanization Companies
Offered Credit Facilities offered credit facilities
Government Subsidies Government Subsidies
To Farmers to Farmers
This Increased Consumption of Pests Fertilizers Exponentially. Plants Weakened attracted More Bugs and Pests and Pesticide Resistant Bugs. To contain them more Chemicals Needed with CHLORINE DERIVATIVES, Chlordane, Heptachlor, Dieldrin, Aldrin, ENDRINE (The leading Cause of Suicide in India) and Organic Phosphates Parathion & Malathion were produced.
Between 1945 – 1968 post war era 18 American ammonia making giant chemical companies were forced to find alternative uses of Ammonia Fluorine etc leading among them are Du Pont, Dow Chemicals, Monsanto, American Cyanamide, IG Farben etc.
All companies dumped these chemicals on Agriculture farms and dumped fluorine in water cleaning treatment and worst in tooth pastes. European companies dumped the chemicals in Africa and USA in North and South Americas.
When Awareness raised and Latin America and Africa Resisted then they Dumped Every thing on I N D I A between 1968 - 1975.
Chemical Fertilizer Consumption in India from 1901- 1968 was 3.5 kilos per hectare (1 ½ Acres) or total country consumption was 1.1 million tons. By 1975 it became 50 kilos per hectare and country Consumption went to a whopping 50 Million Tons. One of the prime reasons for this was World Bank applied pressure to allow STANDARD OIL OF CALIFORNIA its subsidiary INTERNATIONAL MINERALS AND CHEMICALS and forced Government to back farm credit, give loans to farmers, subsidize chemicals. In case of India rather than war Profits, Public Tax Money Was siphoned as subsidies for paying International fertilizer companies. From then there was no turning back. Whatever was rejected in Europe USA and Africa was dumped on unsuspecting Indians with disastrous consequences.
BRITISH STUDY PROVED IN INDIA THAT ORGANIC FARMING WAS AND IS BEST
Surprisingly during the peak growth of Fertilizer Industry the British Government in India done conducted the Largest Study comparing in real time for more than 40 years since 1914-1945. This study was made to found which form of agriculture was or is going to be best.
SIR (I do not want to call any British who raped this country Sir but in this case even I have to make an exception because the work he did deserves that as he earned in proving thousands of years of our agricultural practices) ALBERT HOWARD, Imperial Chemist Botanist, Government of British Raj, Author of “The Soil and Health” worked from Pusa, Agri Facility in Samastipur Bihar. He Conducted Research in to the comparison of Chemical Fertilizer Farms versus Organic Bio Fertilizer/Bio dynamic farms/ Vermi compost Farms, Organic Food Vs Chemical Fertilizer Food and cattle fee.,
The conclusions were never available in India nor his book. Some of the startling findings are as follows.
Cattle fed on Organic feed are resistant for Hoof and Mouth Disease & Mad Cow & other infections. Even today Ongole Bull Semen is smuggled to US Brazil as it is only breed resistant for Mad cow disease.
Cattle fed on Ammonia/Sulphate break out of disease within 5 years.
In humans and animals Organic Food brings Immunity to Parasitic Activity, Degenerative Disease Immunity, Preventive of occurring diseases, Creative of New energies
Chemicals leave imperfectly synthesized protein in lever causing all diseases.
CONCLUDED IN 1945 CHEMICALS IN FARMIG WAS WASTE OF MONEY.
Resistance mounted from 1919 for chemical usage in Agriculture in USA and Europe. After comprehensive study from 1948 to 1968 Italian Scientist Amerigo Mosca winner of Chemistry Prize in Brussels world Science fair, proved beyond doubt in 1975 in his report to ITALIAN GOVERNMENT that Farm Chemicals are Radiomimetic (imitates radio active materials) Effects are similar to Radiation. (these include fungicides of organic synthesis like Zineb, Captan, Phaltan etc.) All Chemicals and fertilizers dumped on Africa during that period are equivalent to 29 H Bombs of 14 M.Tons or 14500 A Bombs of Hiroshima Type
By 1970 USA produced 453 000 Tons of Chemicals (fertilizers) equivalent to 145 H Bombs of 14 M. Tons, 72 000 A Bombs of Hiroshima Type.
The effects documented by the study was startling.
From 1945 to 1975, Mentally Retarded Children in Live Births increased 15%, 30% sperm count down in productive males (because of chlorinated hydrocarbon pesticidies like RCB DDT) 25% of the male college students became Sterile. This report was classified by Italian and US governments at the request of ITALIAN CHEMIAL FERTILIZER GIANT MONTEDISON now Glossed off and forgotten.
USA In perspective
United states got the first independence from the oppressive British rule in the late part of 18th century. From the day one US want to act as a bastion of freedom from the oppressed British rule. They rapidly expanded in to agriculture taming the greatest rivers like Missisipi Missouri etc. Thousands of earth works and dams are built all across the country from the beginning of 19th century. Precisely 79 000 dams (small medium and big). They more than 100 years to observe and learn the damage or benefits caused by dams. Finally with advances of technologies in hydrology river management ecology and environmental science and high pressure physics the US decided to take a new path of water management. Since 1945 post war US took the lead in demolishing already constructed dams. They dismantled thousands of dams. In the last decade (2001-2012) they de commissioned more than 975 dams at a pace of 100 dams per year. This was possible for one reason dam building was in the hands of private hands. They realized that the operative costs of maintaining dams is more than cheap alternatives available in the erstwhile benefits of dams.
The economics, too, are often questionable. Big dams are prone to cost overruns: as much as 30% on average, calculates Mc Cully. The irrigation gains they produce may be more than offset by the loss of the fertile land they inundate. Supposed recreational benefits are often hugely overstated. The costs of resettling people are not fully accounted for. And even the hydropower that big dams offer is less useful than their builders claim. Because dams do not last that long, say greens, it is wrong to treat such energy as renewable.However, as society has come to understand, dams can cause significant social and environmental impacts that outweigh the benefits they provide.
By design, dams alter the natural flow regime, and with it virtually every aspect of a river ecosystem, including water quality, sediment transport and deposition, fish migrations and reproduction, and riparian and floodplain habitat and the organisms that rely on this habitat.
Dams also require ongoing maintenance. For example, reservoirs in sediment-laden streams lose storage capacity as silt accumulates in the reservoir. In arid climates reservoirs also experience a high rate of water loss to evaporation. Dams also can have significant economic impacts on dam owners (private owners of governments, in India we have to borrow from world bank to maintain dams) the surrounding community and society in general. As dams age, maintenance costs and safety hazards often increase, resulting in an increasing financial burden and liability on the dam owner. Depending on the river and the fisheries being impacted by the dam, an owner may also be required to retrofit the structure with fish passage facilities or make other upgrades to comply with water quality standards.
When dams diminish fisheries, communities can lose jobs and sustenance, or the source of their cultural or spiritual life. This is the greatest realization on the part of Americans that Rivers and agri (Culture) goes hand in hand. However, as society has come to understand, dams can cause significant social and environmental impacts that outweigh the benefits they provide
“The consensus among river ecologists is that dams are the single greatest cause of the decline of river ecosystems”
World Commission on Dams. Dams and Development: A New Framework for Decision-Making. Cape Town, 2000.Because of these and other concerns, some dam owners and managers or governments are finding that it makes more sense to remove certain dams, often benefiting the community ecologically and socially, rather than make costly repairs or upgrades.
Also it was documented the River will come to life within 6 months removing all pollutants in it that were done by humans taking them in to sea thus stabilizing them and the entire river eco system will revert back to its original levels of before damming.
Americans are the first to revert to Organic farming. Though their MNCs are pumping the world with deadly industrial chemicals inside their country they created so much regulatory and activist mechanism that prevented use of harm full chemicals in many areas that could end up in human or agricultural consumption. (The politics of bottling companies MNCs to dominate control of water in world and American government regulatory policies is a totally separate discussion. What they donot do in USA will do every where in world).
Dams are built for power generation. US alone demonstrated by increasing end user efficiency and using emerging technologies they can substitute 75% of their hydro electrical power.
Flood Plain management
As floodplain managers, state resource agencies and local communities wrestle with the problems associated with flood-control dams; cities around the country are implementing innovative techniques for managing floods without new dams. While many of these alternatives are not quick fixes, they are real solutions that can be implemented with long-term planning. The following are some alternative approaches to dams for flood management:
• Reducing runoff
• Riparian & in-river flood management
• Separating the people & the threat
Water Diversion - the Primary purpose of Dams (human agricultural purposes)
A primary purpose of many dams, both large and small, is to facilitate water diversions. Although existing water supplies can be stretched much further and new water infrastructure can be delayed using water conservation and efficiency strategies described below, people will continue to divert
water from rivers and other surface sources for various purposes.
Nearly 80 percent of water consumed in the United States comes from surface supplies—rivers, creeks and lakes.1 In California alone, there are more than 25,000 points of diversion from streams.2 Thus, there are at least 25,000 locations in the state at which fish and other river organisms can be
harmed in the process of meeting our need for water. In many dam investigations, the question comes down to: could we still divert water if the dam is removed or modified, or not built at all? In many cases, the answer is yes.
Several, more river-friendly alternatives to traditional permanent dam diversion methods are discussed below, including:
• Infiltration galleries and wells
• Screened pipe intakes
• Seasonal dams
• Consolidated diversionsNigerian activist Nnimmo Basse, winner of the prestigious Right Livelihood Award launched a movie production series documenting the effects of dams all across the world. The production was launched today at the COP17 climate meeting in Durban. The video and tour allow viewers to explore why dams are not the answer to climate change, by learning about topics such as reservoir emissions, dam safety, and adaptation while visiting real case studies in the Amazon, Africa, and the Indian and Pakistani Himalayas.
Between 1939-1969, Louis Bloomfield, author of Rains Came, came to India learned about Humus, Plant Nutrition, Soil Management, Came to Pleasant Valley, OHIO, USA, and Started Malabar Farm. Lady Eve Balfour, Published The Living Soil. Despite resistance from giant Agri Multinationals Americans steadily progressed in replacing at least in their country the food with organic produce components.
CHINA in perspective
In the year 1936, J I Rodate founder of magazine Organic Gardening and Farming reported after studying the Chinese farming practices that CHINA only with Organic Farming feeding 100 Million Cattle, 300 Million Hogs, 600 Million People during that period.
The only reason China building three Gorges dam was to loot Gangotri basin water reserves and store that for future purposes.
EU in perspective
From the beginning there were no huge dams in EU for electricity. France gets 80% of its energy needs from nuclear energy. Rivers are managed more on the lines of Americans. In the field of organic farming and feeding they are forefront in research and development.
BRAZIL in perspective
Brazil is the first country to create an environmental police to protect Amazon river from being dammed. Brazil is the country that pushed bio fuels and organic farming as alternate to chemicals.
India in perspective post liberalization
Towards Agriculture Dependency- 2005 Green Revolution ideology-or Agriculture 123
KIA 2006 Indo US Knowledge Initiative on Agricultural Education Research Service and Commercial Linkages. This is a push by US Agri MNCs not by the US activists. This is the important difference. The entire GMO etc that US does not want will be dumped in India.
- Reinforces Private Researchers in Agriculture b. US private interests in Driver seat of our Agricultur
These two will decide the future priorities of Central ICAR (Indian Council on Agricultural Research) and State run Agricultural Universities Indian agriculture should move towards business orientation increased US penetration.
To get this happen Scientists in Agricultural research should re construct their orientation towards US business model and Farmers should lend their fields for experimentation
- Internships in areas of bio technology through collaboration like Bharti-Wal Mart
- April 2008 - Pigeon Pea Genomics Initiative - internships Collaboration on drought resistant Rice and Wheat.
- Research around Casava, Potato, banana, papaya.
- Contract Farming and Bio fuels.
- De institutionalization of Research
- Farmer led scientist assisting Research – to private interest led corporate sponsored farmer participating
(Kanchi Kohli, Kalpavriksh, Environmental Action Group, Shalini Bhutani, GRAIN, NGO as reported in 2008 Sep 18. HTI).
On the front of Dams we want to borrow from world bank to maintain our dams or repair our dams. English companies are consultants for this and Australian companies will teach us how to manage dams and the ecology and remove pollution of our rivers at a whopping cost of Rs 35 000 crores only for Ganaga River alone. There are two similar attempts done by Indians under Ganga Action Plan 1 (Rs 1000 crores) and Gap 2 (with Rs 10000 crores). Now this time it is Rs 35 000 crores for Ganga alone. That too IIT are romped in for authenticity by foreign MNCs. Now IIT rarely teach a combined curriculum of River Ecology, Fisheries, Alluvial Sociology, Agricultural development together.
(On Genetically Modified Organisms and dams to control critical resources the next article discusses).